Cairo: Cross-device Rendering for Vector Graphics

Carl D. Worth
Information Sciences Institute, USC

Keith Packard
Cambridge Research Laboratory, HP Labs, HP


Cairo provides a vector-based rendering API with output support for the X Window System and local image buffers. PostScript and PDF file output is planned. Cairo is designed to produce identical output on all output media while taking advantage of display hardware acceleration through the X Render Extension.

Cairo provides a stateful user-level API with support for the PDF 1.4 imaging model. Cairo provides operations including stroking and filling Bézier cubic splines, transforming and compositing translucent images, and antialiased text rendering. The PostScript drawing model has been adapted for use within C applications. Extensions needed to support much of the PDF 1.4 imaging operations have been included. This integration of the familiar PostScript operational model within the native application language environment provides a simple and powerful new tool for graphics application development.

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Presented at the 2003 Ottawa Linux Symposium in July, 2003.

Carl Worth
Last modified: Mon Jul 28 22:07:51 EDT 2003